Resume and CV Glossary


Resume – a document created with the purpose of highlighting one’s professional experience, normally for the purpose of applying for a job. There exist different types of resumes, please see below for details.
Standard Resume: A standard resume is the traditionally formatted summary of a job seeker’s work history. The standard resume will usually contain the job seeker’s education from high school through university and, if applicable, post graduate studies. Any relevant accomplishments or activities outside of the classroom studies might also be listed, for example, campus newspaper editor.
Student Resume: A student resume is a summary of a job seeker’s qualifications for employment even though the job seeker is still in studies or has recently graduated. This type of resume requires extra thought and probably some creativity. Most people don’t think of their activities during their school years as significantly important, but an employer can glean a lot of information from these activities, such as:
  • Fraternties,
  • Clubs,
  • Committees,
  • Debate Team,
  • Chess Club,
  • Sports.
Any of these can bring a student resume to life and catch an employer’s eye.
Professional Resume: A professional resume is not simply a resume written by a professional, it’s a resume written for a job seeker that is applying for a position that is at the top of the list of professions, such as:
  • Doctor applying to a hospital
  • ER nurse applying to a hospital,
  • Lawyer applying to a law firm,
  • Dentist applying to a dental clinic,
  • Professor applying to a university,
  • Scientist applying to a research firm.
Information Technology (IT) Resume: An IT resume is a bit more like a list than a summary. An IT manager will be looking for technical skills, not flowery language. The resume’s layout should be very clear, disciplined, almost military in style. There are certain words that will help catch the employer’s interest, such as:
  • Administered,
  • Developed,
  • Monitored,
  • Analyzed,
  • Implemented,
  • Installed,
  • Troubleshooting.
Military-to-Civilian Resume: A military to civilian resume is a summary of skills and experiences attained during military service. The summary however, needs to be translated from military
terms and nomenclature to civilian phrases. In many cases, military personnel are responsible for:
  • operating million-dollar equipment,
  • maintaining million-dollar equipment,
  • top secret documents,
  • dangerous weapons,
  • and the security of others.

Additionally, most military personnel have endured long hours under less than comfortable conditions and possibly experienced higher stress levels than the typical civilian employee. And of course, they are great at following instructions from their superiors.

All these responsibilites and experiences need to be explained with terms and phrases that the civilian employer will readily grasp and fully appreciate.
Executive Resume: An executive resume has elements from the other types of resumes, but the entire focus is on laser-targeting, one specific, high level position. A few examples of these high level positions are:
  • Chief Executive Officer,
  • Vice President of Communications,
  • Sales Manager,
  • Retail Store District Manager,
  • Executive Director,
  • Marketing Communications Manager,
  • Operations Manager,
  • Director of Business Development.
Resumes for these high level postitions are normally submitted to a specialized recruiting firm which will scrutinize the resume before contacting any employers.
Federal Resumes: A federal resume, is a summery of the job seeker’s education and experience, but formatted specifically for the United States Federal Government occupations. A
federal resume is one of two documents required in order to apply for a USA government job, the other is the OF-612. The United States government has dozens of departments where job seekers could apply.
Here is a partial list:
  • Department of Agriculture,
  • Department of Commerce,
  • Department of Defense,
  • Department of Education,
  • Department of Energy,
  • Department of Health and Human Services,
  • Department of Homeland Security,
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development,
  • Department of Justice,
  • Department of Labor,
  • Department of State,
  • Department of Transportation.
Those departments have occupations from administrative to painter and plumber.
Curriculum Vitae (CV): A CV is another form of resume but might vary according to the geographical location. For example, in the United States, Canada, Australia, and Germany, the CV is usually
a comprehensive document used mostly in academic and medical careers. These CVs will normally contain more detail than a standard resume covering not only the job seeker’s education, but also publications and other achievements.
Conversely, in the United Kingdom and Ireland a CV is a short summary of the job seeker’s employment history and qualifications. In some parts of Asia, a CV is required to include a photo, employment history, education, salary history, and other personal information.
Cover Letter: A cover letter is actually a short letter of introduction. It goes by many different names around the world, such as:
  • Covering Letter,
  • Motivation Letter,
  • Motivational Letter,
  • Letter Of Motivation.
The cover letter accompanies a more detailed resume or CV and is the first page of the package, therefore, getting it’s name because it ‘covers’ the top of the resume.
LinkedIn Profile: In recent years LinkedIn has become an important resource for employers. The LinkedIn profile is another type of resume or CV. It is more versatile with less formatting
restrictions. Many people consider LinkedIn to be the ultimate ‘branding’ tool.
Guaranteed interview: A guaranteed interview is a promise given by a resume writing service to a customer. Usually, the guaranteed interview means that if the job seeker does not get a call from
a prospective employer within 30 or 60 days, they will rewrite your resume for free.
Resume Distribution Service: Most resume writing services will distribute their customer’s resume to a relevant list of employers and recruiters. Some do this as part of a package fee and others
will charge an extra fee.
Portfolio: A portfolio is your own collection of materials and documents that demonstrate your overall qualifications and readiness for the position for which you are applying.
Some items contained in portfolios:
  • Your Beliefs,
  • Your Skills,
  • Your Qualifications,
  • Your Education,
  • Your Training
  • Your Experiences.
However, the contents of a porfolio may vary depending on the position that the applicant is seeking. The new item above is ‘beliefs’ as it is not normally included in resumes. Your philosophy of yourself, your own future, and life in general, could be very important in some areas of employment.
Other items that might be in your porfolio are:
  • Design Work,
  • Artwork,
  • Reports,
  • Lesson Plans,
  • Transcripts,
  • Certifications,
  • Articles,
  • Letters.
Most experts will say that everything counts. As an example, even if applying for a position as a mechanical engineer, samples of artwork and essays could be valuable to a prospective employer.